Question: What Is Water Pollution And Its Causes Effects And Prevention?

What is the main sources of water pollution?

Water pollution can be caused in a number of ways, one of the most polluting being city sewage and industrial waste discharge.

Indirect sources of water pollution include contaminants that enter the water supply from soils or groundwater systems and from the atmosphere via rain..

What are the effect of pollution on human health?

Exposure to high levels of air pollution can cause a variety of adverse health outcomes. It increases the risk of respiratory infections, heart disease and lung cancer. Both short and long term exposure to air pollutants have been associated with health impacts. More severe impacts affect people who are already ill.

What are 3 causes of water pollution?

Discharge of domestic and industrial effluent wastes, leakage from water tanks, marine dumping, radioactive waste and atmospheric deposition are major causes of water pollution. Heavy metals that disposed off and industrial waste can accumulate in lakes and river, proving harmful to humans and animals.

How can we reduce water pollution?

Ten Things You Can Do To Reduce Water PollutionDO NOT pour fat from cooking or any other type of fat, oil, or grease down the sink. … DO NOT dispose of household chemicals or cleaning agents down the sink or toilet. … DO NOT flush pills, liquid or powder medications or drugs down the toilet. … Avoid using the toilet as a wastebasket. … Avoid using a garbage disposal.More items…

What do you mean by water pollution explain its effects?

Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies, usually as a result of human activities. Water bodies include for example lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater. … For example, releasing inadequately treated wastewater into natural water bodies can lead to degradation of aquatic ecosystems.

What are the four major water pollutants?

5 Major Water PollutantsMICROBIAL. Pathogens can be bacteria, protozoa or viruses. … ORGANIC MATERIAL. Organic materials are things like petroleum, insecticides and herbicides, detergents, disinfecting cleaners, and prescription drugs. … INORGANIC MATERIAL. … MACROSCOPIC. … THERMAL.

What are the causes and effects of water pollution?

On human health. To put it bluntly: Water pollution kills. … Waterborne pathogens, in the form of disease-causing bacteria and viruses from human and animal waste, are a major cause of illness from contaminated drinking water. Diseases spread by unsafe water include cholera, giardia, and typhoid.

What are the effects of water pollution?

Some of these water-borne diseases are Typhoid, Cholera, Paratyphoid Fever, Dysentery, Jaundice, Amoebiasis and Malaria. Chemicals in the water also have negative effects on our health. Pesticides – can damage the nervous system and cause cancer because of the carbonates and organophosphates that they contain.

What are some examples of water pollution?

What Are the Different Types of Water Pollution?Chemical pollution. The most common type of water pollution, chemicals can infiltrate both underground water sources and those sitting on the Earth’s surface. … Groundwater pollution. … Microbiological pollution. … Nutrient pollution. … Oxygen-depletion pollution. … Surface water pollution.

What are the effects of pollution?

Pollution may muddy landscapes, poison soils and waterways, or kill plants and animals. Humans are also regularly harmed by pollution. Long-term exposure to air pollution, for example, can lead to chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer and other diseases.

Who is responsible for water pollution?

95-217), this law became commonly known as the Clean Water Act (CWA). The CWA is the principle law governing pollution control and water quality of the Nation’s waterways and is primarily overseen by the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

What are the main causes of pollution?

The Short Answer: Air pollution is caused by solid and liquid particles and certain gases that are suspended in the air. These particles and gases can come from car and truck exhaust, factories, dust, pollen, mold spores, volcanoes and wildfires.

What are the 10 causes of water pollution?

Various Causes of Water PollutionIndustrial Waste. … Sewage and Wastewater. … Mining Activities. … Marine Dumping. … Accidental Oil Leakage. … The burning of fossil fuels. … Chemical fertilizers and pesticides. … Leakage From Sewer Lines.More items…

What are the 5 sources of water pollution?

Sources of Water PollutionSewage (Waste Water) Sewage is another name for waste water from domestic and industrial processes. … Agricultural Pollution. The agriculture industry covers 76% of the land area of England and Wales. … Oil Pollution. … Radioactive Substances. … River dumping. … Marine Dumping.